D. Bird Conservation

How climate change is affecting birds
Climate change has affected a wife range of wildlife including sea life, especially the death of corals. Given my interest in birds and bird photography (see Comings Bio) I will emphasize the effect of climate change on birds.
This listing was taken from Nature Canada.

Egg laying is occurring earlier

Migration times are shifting

Bird behavior and their environment are becoming mismatched
Long-distance migrants are particularly at risk of a mismatch as it is harder for them to know what conditions might be like at the end of the migration route. For example, wood warblers in North America aren’t migrating earlier from their neotropical wintering grounds, despite earlier springs in their northern breeding ranges – this risks a late arrival, after spring food sources on breeding grounds are gone.

Distributions are changing
Bird populations are expected to shift poleward, or to higher elevations, to stay with their ideal temperatures as the climate changes.

Ecological communities are disrupted
Global warming can change entire ecological communities. Food and nesting material that birds depend on may no longer be there. Birds may face new prey, parasites, competitors, and predators to which they are not adapted. This could lead to increased outbreaks of some forest pests like spruce budworms. 2005 saw unprecedented failures of colonies of seabirds on the Pacific coast of North America. Only 8% of the Cassin’s Auklets nesting on Triangle Island were successful. Tufted Puffins at Canadian sites have breeding success near zero when water is at its warmest, which could mean that Canada’s largest breeding colony for this species, Scott Islands, becomes unsuitable for Tufted Puffins as water continues to warm.

Extinction risks are on the rise
Birds most at risk of extinction from climate change are those with restricted ranges, poor ability to move their range, small populations, or those already facing conservation challenges. Migratory birds are particularly vulnerable to climate change effects, because they depend on multiple habitats and sites. Arctic birds are particularly vulnerable – warming is occurring rapidly there, and at least 85 of the world’s bird species breed in global Arctic regions. Vast areas of habitat, including tundra and sea ice, will be lost. Sea ice retreat could have severe consequences for Ivory Gulls, which forage along sea ice. Canadian Ivory Gulls have already declined in number by 90% over the past two decades.

There are a numbers of excellent foundations devoted to the protection and conservation of birds. These include:

Bird Life International
BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organizations (NGOs) that strives to conserve birds, their habitats and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. Together we are 121 BirdLife Partners worldwide – one per country or territory – and growing. 
We are driven by our belief that local people, working for nature in their own places but connected nationally and internationally through our global Partnership, are the key to sustaining all life on this planet. This unique local-to-global approach delivers high impact and long-term conservation for the benefit of nature and people.
BirdLife is widely recognized as the world leader in bird conservation. Rigorous science informed by practical feedback from projects on the ground in important sites and habitats enables us to implement successful conservation programs for birds and all nature. Our actions are providing both practical and sustainable solutions significantly benefiting nature and people. 
How does BirdLife International work?
Each BirdLife Partner is an independent environmental or wildlife not-for-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO). Most Partners are best known outside of the Partnership by their organization’s name. This allows each Partner to maintain its individual national identity within the Global Partnership. Perhaps you might recognize some of the 121 BirdLife International Environmental NGOs Partners from their logos.
BirdLife Partners work together in a collaborative, coordinated fashion across national boundaries to build a global Partnership of national conservation organizations.
The BirdLife partnership has 6 Regional BirdLife Coordination Offices throughout the world and a Global Office in Cambridge, UK – together known as “The BirdLife International Secretariat”. The Secretariat co-ordinate and facilitate the BirdLife International strategies, programs and policies.
BirdLife International in numbers
  • As the world’s largest Nature Conservation partnership BirdLife International has more than 10 million members and supporters.
  • This comprises 2.72 million members and 7.2 million people who supported BirdLife Partners in 2015 without being members.
  • BirdLife Partner Environmental NGOs worked with over 4,000 local groups, including action at more than 1,000 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas; and our work involved 1.9 million young people (under 18).
  • The BirdLife Partnership employs nearly 8,000 staff supported by 5,000 volunteers.
  • The BirdLife partnership has a combined budget of US$ 636 million as of the end of 2014.

The Audubon Society maximizes conservation results by focusing on key strategies critical for birds. For more than a century Audubon has protected birds and their habitat for the benefit of humanity as well as the earth’s biodiversity. Our legacy is built on science, education, advocacy, and on-the-ground conservation. We bring all of this together through our unparalleled network. This combination of expertise and on-the-ground engagement makes Audubon a truly unique and trusted force for conservation.

Audubon’s mission is more urgent today than ever before. Natural habitat and open spaces are disappearing at an alarming rate. Protections for wildlife, natural places, and clean air and water are in jeopardy. By protecting birds, we are also safeguarding the Western hemisphere's great natural heritage for future generations, preserving our shared quality of life and fostering a healthier environment for us all.
Audubon’s national, international, and state programs, centers, chapters, and Important Bird Areas come together with an unparalleled wingspan for conservation.

Climate change is an existential threat to birds and people, and addressing this threat requires sustained, targeted action across the country and the world. Audubon is uniquely suited to help drive that action with our hemispheric network of staff and volunteers from all walks of life and of all political persuasions.
Our network spans the political spectrum—45 percent identifies as moderate or conservative—and is significantly more ready than the public at large to take action on climate change. This network includes 1.2 million members, 454 local chapters, 41 nature centers, and 23 state offices, all united by a love for birds that transcends political boundaries.
By engaging our bipartisan network to advance effective climate solutions across the country, Audubon not only jpj[m]makes progress on climate policy, but also builds public demand for solutions. We’re building the political muscle and grassroots momentum to drive both state and federal wins on climate, and we’re aiming high: Audubon has set a goal of contributing to emissions reductions of at least 80 percent of 1990 levels by 2050.

American Bird Conservancy
ABC's mission is to conserve native birds and their habitats throughout the Americas. Our commitment to bird conservation remains absolute, even while some other groups shift their mission to prioritize people over wildlife. We believe unequivocally that conserving birds and their habitats benefits all other species — including people.

How We Conserve Birds
Simple yet successful, our Bird Conservation Strategic Framework — summed up in the ABC pyramid — shows how we approach bird conservation. We innovate, build on sound science, and work in partnership to achieve four goals: halt extinctions, protect habitats, eliminate threats, and build capacity for bird conservation.

Fearless Approach to Bird Conservation
American Bird Conservancy was born in 1994, based on the need our founder, George Fenwick, saw for a fearless bird conservation group — one that wasn't afraid to take on difficult issues like free-roaming cats and pesticides.
Choosing the small but feisty hummingbird as its symbol, ABC has gone on to become known for our results and ability to leverage still great accomplishments through partnerships.

A Future Where Birds are Valued
In our 20+ years, we have found that when it comes to bird conservation, fearlessness and persistence pay off. Today, we can imagine a world in which our Vision Statement becomes reality:
“An Americas-wide landscape where diverse interests collaborate to ensure that native bird species and their habitats are protected … where their protection is valued by society … and where they are routinely considered in all land-use and policy decision-making.”

National Bird Conservation NABCI
The US NABCI Committee brings together partners that work across state and country boundaries, and across taxonomic groups at a landscape scale to ensure that North American bird conservation is coordinated at a scale most relevant for the birds we work with.

Conserving Birds Across Landscapes
Both humans and wildlife depend upon earth’s natural landscapes for sustenance and survival. Sustainable conservation requires that the biological needs of birds, and a host of other wildlife, are incorporated into land-use policies, programs, and management practices affecting broad landscapes at regional scales. Since bird populations respond throughout their ranges to changes and variations in conditions, bird conservation must be delivered in the context of achieving a pre-established design of landscape sustainability. 

Conserving Birds Across Taxonomic Groups
Birds of different taxonomic groups, such as waterfowl, raptors, shorebirds, and songbirds, often share the same habitats or use adjoining habitats within a landscape. By using a common spatial language and ecological framework to identify priority habitats and sites shared among birds of different taxonomic groups, conservation actions can be directed comprehensively to all priority birds within a landscape. Finding such ‘common ground’ is key to conserving North America’s precious bird diversity. Science and communication tools such as the State of the Birds report highlight conservation challenges and solutions across landscapes, and the Unified Science Team is working to ensure consistency of science across taxa.

Conserving Birds Across Geopolitical Boundaries
Most birds travel great distances across our geopolitical landscapes – flying hundreds, in some cases thousands of miles during annual migrations. On-the-ground management is often linked to bird population response at the regional or continental scale. Bird conservation, therefore, requires broad geographical perspectives – perspectives that are regional, national, continental, hemispheric, even global in scale. Coordinating and supporting conservation activities across these geopolitical boundaries will insure that birds are protected throughout the geographic ranges of their annual life cycles.

Cornell Lab of Ornithology
At the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, scientists, conservationists, engineers, educators, and students all work together for a common purpose: to understand birds and other wildlife, to involve the public in scientific discovery, and to use our knowledge to protect our planet.

Our mission: To interpret and conserve the earth's biological diversity through research, education, and citizen science focused on birds.

Cornell Lab scientists use the latest technology in the quest to understand the natural world. This work includes teasing evolutionary secrets from DNA, deciphering wildlife sounds, and discovering how birds, elephants, whales, and other animals survive and communicate in a changing world. Our researchers collaborate with colleagues across Cornell University and with partners at many other agencies and organizations around the world.

The Cornell Lab of Ornithology offers lifelong opportunities for learning about, enjoying, and conserving birds. People of all ages participate in our projects and courses in classrooms, homes, and neighborhoods around the world.

Here at the Cornell Lab’s Johnson Center for Birds and Biodiversity, we engage hundreds of students in research, preparing our future leaders in science and conservation. In locations around the world, we lead workshops to train international colleagues in the latest techniques to conserve natural habitats and biodiversity.

Technical innovation has been a hallmark of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology since 1929, when Cornell Lab founder Arthur Allen and colleagues used motion picture film to capture the first sound recordings of North American birds.

Cornell engineers later developed the parabolic microphone and portable tape recorder, enabling people to record animals around the world. Many of these recordings are archived in the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s Macaulay Library, today the world’s largest collection of natural sounds.

This spirit of innovation and exploration live on today, as our scientists, engineers, and computer programmers invent new tools for the digital age to understand the natural world and protect wildlife.

The Cornell Lab of Ornithology advances the conservation of birds and other wildlife through scientific research, technological innovation, and teaching. We provide the scientific data needed by conservation organizations, government, and industries to make informed conservation decisions.

Trusted by conservation organizations, government, and industries alike, we work with groups that are often on differing sides of environmental issues, providing the scientific data needed to make informed conservation decisions.